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Last Name
Institution

Earl Smith

TitleASSISTANT PROFESSOR
InstitutionMount Sinai
DepartmentMedicine
Address

     Bibliographic 
     selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Smith EL, Hung LF, Huang J, Arumugam B. Effects of local myopic defocus on refractive development in monkeys. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Nov; 90(11):1176-86.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mutti DO, Gwiazda J, Norton TT, Smith EL, Schaeffel F, To CH. Myopia--yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Nov; 90(11):1161-4.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Sankaridurg P, Chen X, Naduvilath T, Lazon de la Jara P, Lin Z, Li L, Smith EL, Ge J, Holden BA. Adverse events during 2 years of daily wear of silicone hydrogels in children. Optom Vis Sci. 2013 Sep; 90(9):961-9.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Smith EL, Campbell MC, Irving E. Does peripheral retinal input explain the promising myopia control effects of corneal reshaping therapy (CRT or ortho-K) & multifocal soft contact lenses? Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2013 May; 33(3):379-84.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Smith EL, Hung LF, Arumugam B, Huang J. Negative lens-induced myopia in infant monkeys: effects of high ambient lighting. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Apr; 54(4):2959-69.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Zhu X, McBrien NA, Smith EL, Troilo D, Wallman J. Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Apr; 54(4):2634-44.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Zhang B, Tao X, Shen G, Smith EL, Ohzawa I, Chino YM. Receptive-field subfields of V2 neurons in macaque monkeys are adult-like near birth. J Neurosci. 2013 Feb 6; 33(6):2639-49.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Smith EL. Optical treatment strategies to slow myopia progression: effects of the visual extent of the optical treatment zone. Exp Eye Res. 2013 Sep; 114:77-88.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Huang J, Hung LF, Smith EL. Recovery of peripheral refractive errors and ocular shape in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with experimentally induced myopia. Vision Res. 2012 Nov 15; 73:30-9.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Donovan L, Sankaridurg P, Ho A, Chen X, Lin Z, Thomas V, Smith EL, Ge J, Holden B. Myopia progression in Chinese children is slower in summer than in winter. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Aug; 89(8):1196-202.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Hung LF, Ramamirtham R, Wensveen JM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Objective and subjective refractive error measurements in monkeys. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Feb; 89(2):168-77.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Smith EL, Hung LF, Huang J. Protective effects of high ambient lighting on the development of form-deprivation myopia in rhesus monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jan; 53(1):421-8.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Donovan L, Sankaridurg P, Ho A, Naduvilath T, Smith EL, Holden BA. Myopia progression rates in urban children wearing single-vision spectacles. Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Jan; 89(1):27-32.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Sankaridurg P, Holden B, Smith E, Naduvilath T, Chen X, de la Jara PL, Martinez A, Kwan J, Ho A, Frick K, Ge J. Decrease in rate of myopia progression with a contact lens designed to reduce relative peripheral hyperopia: one-year results. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011; 52(13):9362-7.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Tao X, Zhang B, Smith EL, Nishimoto S, Ohzawa I, Chino YM. Local sensitivity to stimulus orientation and spatial frequency within the receptive fields of neurons in visual area 2 of macaque monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Feb; 107(4):1094-110.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Zhang B, Tao X, Wensveen JM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Chino YM. Effects of brief daily periods of unrestricted vision during early monocular form deprivation on development of visual area 2. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Sep; 52(10):7222-31.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Smith EL. Prentice Award Lecture 2010: A case for peripheral optical treatment strategies for myopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2011 Sep; 88(9):1029-44.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Huang J, Hung LF, Smith EL. Effects of foveal ablation on the pattern of peripheral refractive errors in normal and form-deprived infant rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug; 52(9):6428-34.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Wensveen JM, Smith EL, Hung LF, Harwerth RS. Brief daily periods of unrestricted vision preserve stereopsis in strabismus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jun; 52(7):4872-9.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Bi H, Zhang B, Tao X, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Chino YM. Neuronal responses in visual area V2 (V2) of macaque monkeys with strabismic amblyopia. Cereb Cortex. 2011 Sep; 21(9):2033-45.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Sankaridurg P, Donovan L, Varnas S, Ho A, Chen X, Martinez A, Fisher S, Lin Z, Smith EL, Ge J, Holden B. Spectacle lenses designed to reduce progression of myopia: 12-month results. Optom Vis Sci. 2010 Sep; 87(9):631-41.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF, Kee CS, Ramamirtham R, Smith EL. Nature of the refractive errors in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with experimentally induced ametropias. Vision Res. 2010 Aug 23; 50(18):1867-81.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Smith EL, Hung LF, Huang J, Blasdel TL, Humbird TL, Bockhorst KH. Effects of optical defocus on refractive development in monkeys: evidence for local, regionally selective mechanisms. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Aug; 51(8):3864-73.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Smith EL, Hung LF, Huang J. Relative peripheral hyperopic defocus alters central refractive development in infant monkeys. Vision Res. 2009 Sep; 49(19):2386-92.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Smith EL, Huang J, Hung LF, Blasdel TL, Humbird TL, Bockhorst KH. Hemiretinal form deprivation: evidence for local control of eye growth and refractive development in infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Nov; 50(11):5057-69.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Huang J, Hung LF, Ramamirtham R, Blasdel TL, Humbird TL, Bockhorst KH, Smith EL. Effects of form deprivation on peripheral refractions and ocular shape in infant rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Sep; 50(9):4033-44.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Maruko I, Zhang B, Tao X, Tong J, Smith EL, Chino YM. Postnatal development of disparity sensitivity in visual area 2 (v2) of macaque monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Nov; 100(5):2486-95.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Zhang B, Smith EL, Chino YM. Postnatal development of onset transient responses in macaque V1 AND V2 neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Sep; 100(3):1476-87.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Hung LF, Ramamirtham R, Huang J, Qiao-Grider Y, Smith EL. Peripheral refraction in normal infant rhesus monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Sep; 49(9):3747-57.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Ramamirtham R, Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao-Grider Y, Huang J, Roorda A, Smith EL. Wave aberrations in rhesus monkeys with vision-induced ametropias. Vision Res. 2007 Sep; 47(21):2751-66.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Smith EL, Ramamirtham R, Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF, Huang J, Kee CS, Coats D, Paysse E. Effects of foveal ablation on emmetropization and form-deprivation myopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Sep; 48(9):3914-22.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Vilupuru AS, Rangaswamy NV, Frishman LJ, Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Roorda A. Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy for in vivo imaging of lamina cribrosa. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2007 May; 24(5):1417-25.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF, Kee CS, Ramamirtham R, Smith EL. A comparison of refractive development between two subspecies of infant rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Vision Res. 2007 Jun; 47(12):1668-81.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Zheng J, Zhang B, Bi H, Maruko I, Watanabe I, Nakatsuka C, Smith EL, Chino YM. Development of temporal response properties and contrast sensitivity of V1 and V2 neurons in macaque monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Jun; 97(6):3905-16.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF, Kee CS, Ramamirtham R, Smith EL. Normal ocular development in young rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Vision Res. 2007 May; 47(11):1424-44.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao-Grider Y, Ramamirtham R, Winawer J, Wallman J, Smith EL. Temporal constraints on experimental emmetropization in infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Mar; 48(3):957-62.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Harwerth RS, Vilupuru AS, Rangaswamy NV, Smith EL. The relationship between nerve fiber layer and perimetry measurements. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Feb; 48(2):763-73.
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    38. Nakatsuka C, Zhang B, Watanabe I, Zheng J, Bi H, Ganz L, Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Chino YM. Effects of perceptual learning on local stereopsis and neuronal responses of V1 and V2 in prism-reared monkeys. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Apr; 97(4):2612-26.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Ramamirtham R, Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao-Grider Y, Roorda A, Smith EL. Monochromatic ocular wave aberrations in young monkeys. Vision Res. 2006 Oct; 46(21):3616-33.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Wensveen JM, Harwerth RS, Hung LF, Ramamirtham R, Kee CS, Smith EL. Brief daily periods of unrestricted vision can prevent form-deprivation amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jun; 47(6):2468-77.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Sakai E, Bi H, Maruko I, Zhang B, Zheng J, Wensveen J, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Chino YM. Cortical effects of brief daily periods of unrestricted vision during early monocular form deprivation. J Neurophysiol. 2006 May; 95(5):2856-65.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Smith EL, Kee CS, Ramamirtham R, Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF. Peripheral vision can influence eye growth and refractive development in infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Nov; 46(11):3965-72.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Watanabe I, Bi H, Zhang B, Sakai E, Mori T, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Chino YM. Directional bias of neurons in V1 and V2 of strabismic monkeys: temporal-to-nasal asymmetry? Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 46(10):3899-905.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Harwerth RS, Carter-Dawson L, Smith EL, Crawford ML. Scaling the structure--function relationship for clinical perimetry. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2005 Aug; 83(4):448-55.
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    45. Zhang B, Bi H, Sakai E, Maruko I, Zheng J, Smith EL, Chino YM. Rapid plasticity of binocular connections in developing monkey visual cortex (V1). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Jun 21; 102(25):9026-31.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Zhang B, Zheng J, Watanabe I, Maruko I, Bi H, Smith EL, Chino Y. Delayed maturation of receptive field center/surround mechanisms in V2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Apr 19; 102(16):5862-7.
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    47. Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao-Grider Y, Ramamirtham R, Smith EL. Astigmatism in monkeys with experimentally induced myopia or hyperopia. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Apr; 82(4):248-60.
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    48. Zhong X, Ge J, Nie H, Smith EL. Compensation for experimentally induced hyperopic anisometropia in adolescent monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Oct; 45(10):3373-9.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Qiao-Grider Y, Hung LF, Kee CS, Ramamirtham R, Smith EL. Recovery from form-deprivation myopia in rhesus monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Oct; 45(10):3361-72.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Harwerth RS, Carter-Dawson L, Smith EL, Barnes G, Holt WF, Crawford ML. Neural losses correlated with visual losses in clinical perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Sep; 45(9):3152-60.
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    51. Zhong X, Ge J, Smith EL, Stell WK. Image defocus modulates activity of bipolar and amacrine cells in macaque retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Jul; 45(7):2065-74.
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    52. Carter-Dawson L, Shen FF, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML, Smith EL, Whitetree A. Glutathione content is altered in Müller cells of monkey eyes with experimental glaucoma. Neurosci Lett. 2004 Jun 24; 364(1):7-10.
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    53. Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao-Grider Y, Roorda A, Smith EL. Effects of optically imposed astigmatism on emmetropization in infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Jun; 45(6):1647-59.
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    54. Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao Y, Smith EL. Astigmatism in infant monkeys reared with cylindrical lenses. Vision Res. 2003 Dec; 43(26):2721-39.
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    55. Wensveen JM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Binocular deficits associated with early alternating monocular defocus. I. Behavioral observations. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 90(5):3001-11.
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    56. Zhang B, Matsuura K, Mori T, Wensveen JM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Chino Y. Binocular deficits associated with early alternating monocular defocus. II. Neurophysiological observations. J Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 90(5):3012-23.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Smith EL, Hung LF, Kee CS, Qiao-Grider Y, Ramamirtham R. Continuous ambient lighting and lens compensation in infant monkeys. Optom Vis Sci. 2003 May; 80(5):374-82.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Harwerth RS, Fredenburg PM, Smith EL. Temporal integration for stereoscopic vision. Vision Res. 2003 Mar; 43(5):505-17.
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    59. Carter-Dawson L, Crawford ML, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Feldman R, Shen FF, Mitchell CK, Whitetree A. Vitreal glutamate concentration in monkeys with experimental glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Aug; 43(8):2633-7.
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    60. Kee CS, Hung LF, Qiao Y, Habib A, Smith EL. Prevalence of astigmatism in infant monkeys. Vision Res. 2002 May; 42(11):1349-59.
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    61. Mori T, Matsuura K, Zhang B, Smith EL, Chino YM. Effects of the duration of early strabismus on the binocular responses of neurons in the monkey visual cortex (V1). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Apr; 43(4):1262-9.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Smith EL, Hung LF, Kee CS, Qiao Y. Effects of brief periods of unrestricted vision on the development of form-deprivation myopia in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Feb; 43(2):291-9.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Harwerth RS, Crawford ML, Frishman LJ, Viswanathan S, Smith EL, Carter-Dawson L. Visual field defects and neural losses from experimental glaucoma. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2002 Jan; 21(1):91-125.
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    64. Matsuura K, Zhang B, Mori T, Smith EL, Kaas JH, Chino Y. Topographic map reorganization in cat area 17 after early monocular retinal lesions. Vis Neurosci. 2002 Jan-Feb; 19(1):85-96.
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    65. Chino Y, Smith EL, Zhang B, Matsuura K, Mori T, Kaas JH. Recovery of binocular responses by cortical neurons after early monocular lesions. Nat Neurosci. 2001 Jul; 4(7):689-90.
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    66. Smith EL, Bradley DV, Fernandes A, Hung LF, Boothe RG. Continuous ambient lighting and eye growth in primates. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 May; 42(6):1146-52.
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    67. Wensveen JM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Clinical suppression in monkeys reared with abnormal binocular visual experience. Vision Res. 2001 May; 41(12):1593-608.
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    68. Crawford ML, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Mills S, Ewing B. Experimental glaucoma in primates: changes in cytochrome oxidase blobs in V1 cortex. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 Feb; 42(2):358-64.
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    69. Smith EL, Hung LF, Harwerth RS. The degree of image degradation and the depth of amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Nov; 41(12):3775-81.
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    70. Endo M, Kaas JH, Jain N, Smith EL, Chino Y. Binocular cross-orientation suppression in the primary visual cortex (V1) of infant rhesus monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Nov; 41(12):4022-31.
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    71. Crawford ML, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Shen F, Carter-Dawson L. Glaucoma in primates: cytochrome oxidase reactivity in parvo- and magnocellular pathways. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Jun; 41(7):1791-802.
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    72. Hung LF, Wallman J, Smith EL. Vision-dependent changes in the choroidal thickness of macaque monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 May; 41(6):1259-69.
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    73. Kumagami T, Zhang B, Smith EL, Chino YM. Effect of onset age of strabismus on the binocular responses of neurons in the monkey visual cortex. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Mar; 41(3):948-54.
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    74. Smith EL, Hung LF. Form-deprivation myopia in monkeys is a graded phenomenon. Vision Res. 2000; 40(4):371-81.
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    75. Frishman LJ, Saszik S, Harwerth RS, Viswanathan S, Li Y, Smith EL, Robson JG, Barnes G. Effects of experimental glaucoma in macaques on the multifocal ERG. Multifocal ERG in laser-induced glaucoma. Doc Ophthalmol. 2000; 100(2-3):231-51.
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    76. Harwerth RS, Carter-Dawson L, Shen F, Smith EL, Crawford ML. Ganglion cell losses underlying visual field defects from experimental glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 Sep; 40(10):2242-50.
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    77. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Chandler M. Progressive visual field defects from experimental glaucoma: measurements with white and colored stimuli. Optom Vis Sci. 1999 Aug; 76(8):558-70.
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    78. Smith EL, Bradley DV, Fernandes A, Boothe RG. Form deprivation myopia in adolescent monkeys. Optom Vis Sci. 1999 Jun; 76(6):428-32.
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    79. Viswanathan S, Frishman LJ, Robson JG, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. The photopic negative response of the macaque electroretinogram: reduction by experimental glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 May; 40(6):1124-36.
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    80. Smith EL, Hung LF. The role of optical defocus in regulating refractive development in infant monkeys. Vision Res. 1999 Apr; 39(8):1415-35.
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    81. Smith EL, Hung LF, Harwerth RS. Developmental visual system anomalies and the limits of emmetropization. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1999 Mar; 19(2):90-102.
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    82. Hatta S, Kumagami T, Qian J, Thornton M, Smith EL, Chino YM. Nasotemporal directional bias of V1 neurons in young infant monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1998 Nov; 39(12):2259-67.
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    83. Smith EL, Hainsworth AH. Acute effects of interleukin-1 beta on noradrenaline release from the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. Neurosci Lett. 1998 Jul 24; 251(2):89-92.
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    84. Smith EL. Spectacle lenses and emmetropization: the role of optical defocus in regulating ocular development. Optom Vis Sci. 1998 Jun; 75(6):388-98.
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    85. Carter-Dawson L, Shen F, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Crawford ML, Chuang A. Glutamine immunoreactivity in Müller cells of monkey eyes with experimental glaucoma. Exp Eye Res. 1998 May; 66(5):537-45.
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    86. Sasaki Y, Cheng H, Smith EL, Chino Y. Effects of early discordant binocular vision on the postnatal development of parvocellular neurons in the monkey lateral geniculate nucleus. Exp Brain Res. 1998 Feb; 118(3):341-51.
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    87. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, DeSantis L. Experimental glaucoma: perimetric field defects and intraocular pressure. J Glaucoma. 1997 Dec; 6(6):390-401.
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    88. Smith EL, Chino YM, Ni J, Cheng H, Crawford ML, Harwerth RS. Residual binocular interactions in the striate cortex of monkeys reared with abnormal binocular vision. J Neurophysiol. 1997 Sep; 78(3):1353-62.
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    89. Smith EL, Chino YM, Ni J, Ridder WH, Crawford ML. Binocular spatial phase tuning characteristics of neurons in the macaque striate cortex. J Neurophysiol. 1997 Jul; 78(1):351-65.
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    90. Smith EL, Chino Y, Ni J, Cheng H. Binocular combination of contrast signals by striate cortical neurons in the monkey. J Neurophysiol. 1997 Jul; 78(1):366-82.
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    91. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Stereopsis and disparity vergence in monkeys with subnormal binocular vision. Vision Res. 1997 Feb; 37(4):483-93.
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    92. Chino YM, Smith EL, Hatta S, Cheng H. Postnatal development of binocular disparity sensitivity in neurons of the primate visual cortex. J Neurosci. 1997 Jan 1; 17(1):296-307.
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    93. Hung LF, Smith EL. Extended-wear, soft, contact lenses produce hyperopia in young monkeys. Optom Vis Sci. 1996 Sep; 73(9):579-84.
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    94. Crawford ML, von Noorden GK, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Judgments by monkeys of apparent depth in dynamic random-dot stereograms. Behav Brain Res. 1996 Sep; 79(1-2):219-25.
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    95. Crawford ML, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, von Noorden GK. Loss of stereopsis in monkeys following prismatic binocular dissociation during infancy. Behav Brain Res. 1996 Sep; 79(1-2):207-18.
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    96. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Crawford ML. Motor and sensory fusion in monkeys: psychophysical measurements. Eye (Lond). 1996; 10 ( Pt 2):209-16.
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    97. Crawford ML, Harwerth RS, Chino YM, Smith EL. Binocularity in prism-reared monkeys. Eye (Lond). 1996; 10 ( Pt 2):161-6.
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    98. Frishman LJ, Shen FF, Du L, Robson JG, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Carter-Dawson L, Crawford ML. The scotopic electroretinogram of macaque after retinal ganglion cell loss from experimental glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1996 Jan; 37(1):125-41.
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    99. Cheng H, Chino YM, Smith EL, Hamamoto J, Yoshida K. Transfer characteristics of lateral geniculate nucleus X neurons in the cat: effects of spatial frequency and contrast. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Dec; 74(6):2548-57.
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    100. Cheng H, Chino YM, Smith EL, Hamamoto J, Yoshida K. Transfer characteristics of X LGN neurons in cats reared with early discordant binocular vision. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Dec; 74(6):2558-72.
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    101. Hung LF, Crawford ML, Smith EL. Spectacle lenses alter eye growth and the refractive status of young monkeys. Nat Med. 1995 Aug; 1(8):761-5.
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    102. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Siderov J. Behavioral studies of local stereopsis and disparity vergence in monkeys. Vision Res. 1995 Jun; 35(12):1755-70.
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    103. Chino YM, Smith EL, Kaas JH, Sasaki Y, Cheng H. Receptive-field properties of deafferentated visual cortical neurons after topographic map reorganization in adult cats. J Neurosci. 1995 Mar; 15(3 Pt 2):2417-33.
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    104. Smith EL, Fern K, Manny R, Harwerth RS. Interocular suppression produced by rivalry stimuli: a comparison of normal and abnormal binocular vision. Optom Vis Sci. 1994 Aug; 71(8):479-91.
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    105. Chino YM, Smith EL, Yoshida K, Cheng H, Hamamoto J. Binocular interactions in striate cortical neurons of cats reared with discordant visual inputs. J Neurosci. 1994 Aug; 14(8):5050-67.
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    106. Chino YM, Cheng H, Smith EL, Garraghty PE, Roe AW, Sur M. Early discordant binocular vision disrupts signal transfer in the lateral geniculate nucleus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jul 19; 91(15):6938-42.
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    107. Smith EL, Hung LF, Harwerth RS. Effects of optically induced blur on the refractive status of young monkeys. Vision Res. 1994 Feb; 34(3):293-301.
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    108. Hamamoto J, Cheng H, Yoshida K, Smith EL, Chino YM. Transfer characteristics of lateral geniculate nucleus X-neurons in the cat: effects of temporal frequency. Exp Brain Res. 1994; 98(2):191-9.
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    109. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, DeSantis L. Mechanisms mediating visual detection in static perimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1993 Sep; 34(10):3011-23.
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    110. Crawford ML, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, von Noorden GK. Keeping an eye on the brain: the role of visual experience in monkeys and children. J Gen Psychol. 1993 Jan; 120(1):7-19.
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    111. Kalloniatis M, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, DeSantis L. Colour vision anomalies following experimental glaucoma in monkeys. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1993 Jan; 13(1):56-67.
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    112. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, DeSantis L. Behavioral perimetry in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1993 Jan; 34(1):31-40.
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    113. Chino YM, Kaas JH, Smith EL, Langston AL, Cheng H. Rapid reorganization of cortical maps in adult cats following restricted deafferentation in retina. Vision Res. 1992 May; 32(5):789-96.
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    114. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Siderov J, Wingard M, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Prior binocular dissociation reduces monocular form deprivation amblyopia in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1992 Apr; 33(5):1804-10.
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    115. Ridder WH, Smith EL, Manny RE, Harwerth RS, Kato K. Effects of interocular suppression on spectral sensitivity. Optom Vis Sci. 1992 Mar; 69(3):227-35.
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    116. Baitch LW, Ridder WH, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Binocular beat VEPs: losses of cortical binocularity in monkeys reared with abnormal visual experience. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1991 Nov; 32(12):3096-103.
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    117. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Paul AD, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Functional effects of bilateral form deprivation in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1991 Jul; 32(8):2311-27.
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    118. Crawford ML, Pesch TW, von Noorden GK, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Bilateral form deprivation in monkeys. Electrophysiologic and anatomic consequences. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1991 Jul; 32(8):2328-36.
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    119. Chino YM, Smith EL, Wada H, Ridder WH, Langston AL, Lesher GA. Disruption of binocularly correlated signals alters the postnatal development of spatial properties in cat striate cortical neurons. J Neurophysiol. 1991 Apr; 65(4):841-59.
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    120. Smith EL, Fox DA, Duncan GC. Refractive-error changes in kitten eyes produced by chronic on-channel blockade. Vision Res. 1991; 31(5):833-44.
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    121. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Behavioral studies of the sensitive periods of development of visual functions in monkeys. Behav Brain Res. 1990 Dec 21; 41(3):179-98.
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    122. Smith EL, Chino YM, Ridder WH, Kitagawa K, Langston A. Orientation bias of neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque monkeys. Vis Neurosci. 1990 Dec; 5(6):525-45.
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    123. Levitt JB, Sanchez RM, Smith EL, Movshon JA. Spatio-temporal interactions and the spatial phase preferences of visual neurons. Exp Brain Res. 1990; 80(2):441-5.
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    124. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML, Duncan GC. Contribution of the retinal ON channels to scotopic and photopic spectral sensitivity. Vis Neurosci. 1989 Sep; 3(3):225-39.
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    125. Crawford ML, de Faber JT, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, von Noorden GK. The effects of reverse monocular deprivation in monkeys. II. Electrophysiological and anatomical studies. Exp Brain Res. 1989; 74(2):338-47.
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    126. Ni J, Smith EL. Effects of chronic optical defocus on the kitten's refractive status. Vision Res. 1989; 29(8):929-38.
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    127. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. The effects of reverse monocular deprivation in monkeys. I. Psychophysical experiments. Exp Brain Res. 1989; 74(2):327-47.
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    128. Smith EL, Pincus SH, Donovan L, Holick MF. A novel approach for the evaluation and treatment of psoriasis. Oral or topical use of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 can be a safe and effective therapy for psoriasis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1988 Sep; 19(3):516-28.
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    129. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Observations on the effects of form deprivation on the refractive status of the monkey. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1987 Aug; 28(8):1236-45.
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    130. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Duncan GC, Crawford ML. A comparison of the spectral sensitivities of monkeys with anisometropic and stimulus deprivation amblyopia. Behav Brain Res. 1986 Oct; 22(1):13-24.
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    131. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Duncan GC, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Multiple sensitive periods in the development of the primate visual system. Science. 1986 Apr 11; 232(4747):235-8.
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    132. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Duncan GC, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Effects of enucleation of the fixating eye on strabismic amblyopia in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1986 Feb; 27(2):246-54.
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    133. Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Rhesus monkey as a model for normal vision of humans. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1985 Sep; 62(9):633-41.
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    134. Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Binocular summation in man and monkey. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1985 Jul; 62(7):439-46.
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    135. Maguire GW, Smith EL. Cat retinal ganglion cell receptive-field alterations after 6-hydroxydopamine induced dopaminergic amacrine cell lesions. J Neurophysiol. 1985 Jun; 53(6):1431-43.
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    136. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML. Spatial contrast sensitivity deficits in monkeys produced by optically induced anisometropia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1985 Mar; 26(3):330-42.
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    137. Elberger AJ, Smith EL. The critical period for corpus callosum section to affect cortical binocularity. Exp Brain Res. 1985; 57(2):213-23.
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    138. Smith EL, Levi DM, Manny RE, Harwerth RS, White JM. The relationship between binocular rivalry and strabismic suppression. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1985 Jan; 26(1):80-7.
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    139. Crawford ML, Smith EL, Harwerth RS, von Noorden GK. Stereoblind monkeys have few binocular neurons. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Jul; 25(7):779-81.
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    140. Smith EL, Redburn DA, Harwerth RS, Maguire GW. Permanent alterations in muscarinic receptors and pupil size produced by chronic atropinization in kittens. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Feb; 25(2):239-43.
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    141. Smith EL, Harwerth RS. Behavioral measurements of accommodative amplitude in rhesus monkeys. Vision Res. 1984; 24(12):1821-7.
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    142. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Effects of enucleation of the nondeprived eye on stimulus deprivation amblyopia in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1984 Jan; 25(1):10-8.
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    143. Elberger AJ, Smith EL. Binocular properties of lateral suprasylvian cortex are not affected by neonatal corpus callosum section. Brain Res. 1983 Nov 14; 278(1-2):295-8.
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    144. Elberger AJ, Smith EL, White JM. Optically induced strabismus results in visual field losses in cats. Brain Res. 1983 May 23; 268(1):147-52.
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    145. Crawford ML, von Noorden GK, Meharg LS, Rhodes JW, Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Miller DD. Binocular neurons and binocular function in monkeys and children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1983 Apr; 24(4):491-5.
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    146. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Maguire GW. Effects of chronic atropinization on visual acuity in kittens. Behav Brain Res. 1983 Mar; 7(3):307-19.
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    147. Elberger AJ, Smith EL, White JM. Spatial dissociation of visual inputs alters the origin of the corpus callosum. Neurosci Lett. 1983 Jan 31; 35(1):19-24.
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    148. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Boltz RL, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Behavioral studies on the effect of abnormal early visual experience in monkeys: spatial modulation sensitivity. Vision Res. 1983; 23(12):1501-10.
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    149. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Boltz RL, Crawford ML, von Noorden GK. Behavioral studies on the effect of abnormal early visual experience in monkeys: temporal modulation sensitivity. Vision Res. 1983; 23(12):1511-7.
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    150. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Okundaye OJ. Oblique effects, vertical effects and meridional amblyopia in monkeys. Exp Brain Res. 1983; 53(1):142-50.
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    151. Smith EL, Levi DM, Harwerth RS, White JM. Color vision is altered during the suppression phase of binocular rivalry. Science. 1982 Nov 19; 218(4574):802-4.
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    152. Maguire GW, Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML. Optically induced anisometropia in kittens. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1982 Aug; 23(2):253-64.
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    153. Smith EL, Harweth RS, Levi DM, Boltz RL. Contrast increment thresholds of rhesus monkeys. Vision Res. 1982; 22(9):1153-61.
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    154. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Levi DM, Watson JT. Normal cortical responses in ocularly hypopigmented cats. Brain Res. 1981 Feb 9; 206(1):183-6.
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    155. Harwerth RS, Crawford ML, Smith EL, Boltz RL. Behavioral studies of stimulus deprivation amblyopia in monkeys. Vision Res. 1981; 21(6):779-89.
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    156. Levi DM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Binocular interactions in normal and anomalous binocular vision. Doc Ophthalmol. 1980 Oct 15; 49(2):303-24.
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    157. Smith EL, Maguire GW, Watson JT. Axial lengths and refractive errors in kittens reared with an optically induced anisometropia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1980 Oct; 19(10):1250-5.
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    158. Bennett MJ, Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML. Ocular dominance, eye alignment and visual acuity in kittens reared with an optically induced squint. Brain Res. 1980 Jul 7; 193(1):33-45.
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    159. Smith EL, Harwerth RS, Browning R, Jacobson D, Kircher ML. Stereopsis and fixation disparity following prolonged monocular occlusion. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1980 Jul; 57(7):413-9.
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    160. Harwerth RS, Boltz RL, Smith EL. Psychophysical evidence for sustained and transient channels in the monkey visual system. Vision Res. 1980; 20(1):15-22.
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    161. Boltz RL, Smith EL, Bennett MJ, Harwerth RS. Vertical fusional vergence ranges of the rhesus monkey. Vision Res. 1980; 20(1):83-5.
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    162. Harwerth RS, Smith EL, Boltz RL. Meridional amblyopia in monkeys. Exp Brain Res. 1980; 39(3):351-6.
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    163. Levi DM, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Humans deprived of normal binocular vision have binocular interactions tuned to size and orientation. Science. 1979 Nov 16; 206(4420):852-4.
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    164. Smith EL, Harwerth RS. Suprathreshold binocular interactions: the effects of prolonged monocular occlusion. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1979 Nov; 56(11):681-8.
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    165. Boltz RL, Harwerth RS, Smith EL. Orientation anisotropy of visual stimuli in rhesus monkey: a behavior study. Science. 1979 Aug 3; 205(4405):511-3.
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    166. Smith EL, Bennett MJ, Harwerth RS, Crawford ML. Binocularity in kittens reared with optically induced squint. Science. 1979 May 25; 204(4395):875-7.
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    167. Witzel DA, Smith EL, Wilson RD, Aguirre GD. Congenital stationary night blindness: an animal model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1978 Aug; 17(8):788-95.
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    168. Witzel DA, Smith EL, Beerwinkle KR, Johnson JH. Arsanilic acid-induced blindness in swine: electroretinographic and visually evoked responses. Am J Vet Res. 1976 May; 37(5):521-4.
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    169. Smith EL, Witzel DA, Pitts DG. The waveform and scotopic CFF of the sheep electroretinogram. Vision Res. 1976; 16(11):1241-5.
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